Thai Products LLC

Important note about Bazilian Sugar Market

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Ut elit tellus, luctus nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo.

Sugar ICUMSA 45 is only produced in large quantities on the Brazilian market after proven sales, and only industries use this type of sugar. Recently, this type of sugar was introduced to the market under the top quality label.

ICUMSA 45 sugar is not readily available in large quantities in ports or warehouses.

Raw sugar and crystal sugar iCUMSA 100 and 150 are the only types of sugar stored in large quantities in warehouses.

In 2009, only 4.5 million tons of the 38 million tons of sugar produced were ICUMSA 45.

Refined Icumsa 45


Exports of sugar from Brazil – 2.009

Raw Sugar (VHP) 71%  

Refined Crystal Sugar ICUMSA 100-150 19% 

Refined sugar ICUMSA 45 “Top quality” 8% 

Others 2%


Logistics are a complex issue as well. Ports such as Santos and Paranagua are currently overburdened with ships waiting for berthing, resulting in a complete meltdown of warehouses.In the port, it is very expensive to store sugar ICUMSA 45 packaged, bagged, and stored, so it isn’t economically viable.

Sugar refining, storage, and bagging for shipment can only be accomplished after the sale has been completed successfully. Based on the refining process, transportation to the port of loading, and delays in berthing vessels, sugar can take several 30-45 days to get to the port ready for shipment.

Past Performance and Proof of Products

Thai Products LLC does not disclose past transactions as this would violate the law and contract regulations between seller and buyer, the Non-circumvention Non-Disclosure Agreement of the International Chamber of Commerce. 

The use of many documents is fraudulent; therefore, it is not possible to report past performance or provide copies of SGS inspection reports, certificates of origin, etc.

In the international sugar market, we had many problems with companies or brokers using our documents illegally without our permission. The company does not provide proof of product before contract signature or proof of funds on a bank-to-bank transfer. It is not necessary to insist on bank-to-bank communication since this has no value in either our case or that of our buyer. 

It is very easy to issue a “fake” proof of product without a bank-to-bank communication so we don’t do it. Sugar available in containers, Breakbulk in bags, and Bulk vessels:

Sugar in containers 20 ´
Icumsa 45 – 100 – 150
Max. 26 m/tons
package: Polybags 50 kilos
520 polybags per unit
Raw sugar in containers 20´
Only in big bags 1 m/ton or 2 m/tons
Max. weight 20 m/tons with 20 big bags per unit
Prices for C&F or CIF depending quantity and destination. 
Sugar Icumsa 45 – 100 and 150
In Break Bulk vessel
Package: polybags 50 kilos
Vessel Qty:
12.500 m/tons
25.000 m/tons
50.000 m/tons
Raw sugar – Icumsa 800 – 1200
Bulk cargo
Only in bulk vessel
Vessel Qty.
12.500 m/tons
25.000 m/tons
50.000 m/tons

Procedures for Sugar Spot:

– Buyer issues ICPO and BCL (ICPO endorsed by bank officer)
– Seller approves ICPO and sends the Draft Contract
– Buyer // Seller sign the Contract 
– Buyer opens non-operative SBLC or MT 103 to seller bank
– Seller issues POP to turn operative the financial instrument
– Shipments start as per contract terms.

Procedures for Sugar Contracts:

– Buyer issues LOI and BCL
– Seller issues FCO
– Buyer returns FCO signed/stamped
– Seller approves and sends the Draft Contract
– Buyer // Seller sign the Contract 
– Buyer opens non-operative BG or SBLC to seller bank
– Seller issues Performance Bond Guarantee 2% and POP to turn operative the financial instrument
– Shipments start as per contract terms.
SGS is the worlds leading inspection, verification, testing, and certification company. SGS is recognized as the global benchmark for quality and integrity.

Sugar is Brazil’s largest industry, and the country is currently the world’s largest sugar producer. A total of thirty million tonnes of sugar were produced in 2006, which made up 20% of the world’s sugar supply. 17.7 million tonnes of the 30 million tonnes of sugar exported by Brazil that year were exported to other nations, accounting for almost 40% of the sugar exported worldwide.

With Brazil’s dominance in sugar production, fluctuations in sugar prices in Brazil alone can affect world sugar prices substantially, and should Brazil choose to flood the world market with cheap sugar, some say that Brazil may be able to swamp the world market with cheap sugar.

Even though this hasn’t happened recently, high levels of sugar production in Brazil have historically led to a significant drop in world sugar prices. A bumper sugar crop in Brazil in 2002 sent sugar prices plummeting to below five cents per pound.

The world’s leading consumer sugar, ICUMSA 45 sugar sets the standard against which other sugars can be measured. Its pure sucrose taste and distinctive white sparkling color make it very easy to identify as a highly refined sugar product. The refining process by which ICUMSA 45 is created removes both bacteria and contaminants found in raw sugar, making it safe for human consumption. The fact that ICUMSA 45 is in high demand is due to the safety of the product.

Yet what does the term ‘ICUMSA 45’ actually mean? ICUMSA stands for International Commission For Uniform Methods Of Sugar Analysis, a governing body that makes international standards for sugar analysis tests, allowing sugar analysis to be conducted virtually anywhere around the world and providing accurate descriptions of sugar properties. 

This is essential because sugar is a global trade, and buyers and sellers will often operate in different parts of the world. In addition, there is often a language barrier which can complicate negotiations. With the ICUMSA rating method, an accurate and meaningful description of the product can be provided that is easily understood regardless of the countries where the interested parties reside.

Refining Sugar

Refining Sugar


Raw sugar is first treated by mixing it with a high sugar syrup to form what is known as ‘magma’, which can remove the contaminants. A centrifugal chamber is then used to spin this magma at high speeds and drive off the liquid content, leaving behind a layer of light brown sugar crystals. If the refinery is working with VHP raw sugar, then this step may not be necessary.


ICUMSA 45 must, however, be refined further before it can become a high-quality product. A liquid solution made up of roughly half sugar and half water is formed by removing the sugar crystals from the centrifugal chamber, washing them, and dissolving them. Lime milk is then added to the solution. 

A small deposit of calcium carbonate (chalk) forms as the lime milk pass through the solution. Besides removing the color from the solution, the chalk deposits additionally attract contaminants, thereby trapping them within. Because calcium carbonate is denser than water, it sinks to the bottom and is eventually removed. The solution is then a high-purity solution of sucrose and water.


To encourage sugar crystal growth, excess water is then boiled out of this solution. Upon crystallization, the sugar is again placed in a centrifugal chamber which removes the surplus liquid, leaving the sugar ICUMSA 45, sparkling and sweet.

The sugar refining process is, of course, simplified in this manner. ICUMSA 45 sugar can be created in many ways, but they are fundamentally all variations of the process outlined above. According to the Russian method, the affination step is skipped entirely, but the carbonization phase is much stricter.

Using phosphorus instead of milk or lime is another method of refining. This process is known as phosphate. The ICUMSA 45 sugar can be readily and accurately measured by SGS testing following ICUMSA standards, regardless of the method of production.

ICUMSA Overview

ICUMSA (International Commission for Uniform Methods of Sugar Analysis) is a global organization that coordinates the activities of 30 national committees for sugar analysis around the world. 

There are several Subjects, each headed by a Referee. 
ICUMSA is the only international organization exclusively concerned with analytical methods in the sugar industry. ICUMSA methods are not only used by this industry, but also by authorities such as the Codex Alimentarius Commission, the OIML, the EU, and the US Food Chemicals Codex.
ICUMSA recommends that methods be approved tentatively (T) in the first instance. Methods are given Official (O) status if they meet all the Commission’s requirements. O). Approved (A) means they are demonstrably useful and have an established application, or they are not suitable for collaborative testing. By reading the relevant Proceedings, you can find out how the status of Methods is determined.


 In futures trading, sugar is heavily traded, and many crops are sold years before they are harvested, sometimes up to three years before the sugar cane is even planted. Brazilian sugar is rarely refined for export, so newcomers to the market will often find that much of Brazilian ICUMSA 45 has already been sold a long time before it was produced. Hence, buyers searching for a reliable supplier who can supply large quantities of sugar, especially ICUMSA 45, but also low-grade sugar usually have trouble finding one.

ICUMSA 45 sugar has been independently tested by the Brazilian SGS method of testing, making it the best sugar available today. ICUMSA (International Commission For Uniform Methods Of Sugar Analysis) has devised a system to determine the quality of sugar using standardized measurements, so that the buyer can understand the type and quality of sugar by quoting a rating, such as ICUMSA 45.

A scale of whiteness is used to test sugar. A simplistic way to view the ICUMSA ratings is to say that the more white the sugar is, the more refined it is. Icumsa 45 sugar is a sparkling white, highly refined sugar suitable for human consumption and a variety of food applications.

But how precisely is the whiteness of the sugar determined? For there to be an international standard, there needs to be a replicable scientific test to determine the ICUMSA rating of sugar and to achieve this level of precision and replicability, a colorimeter is used.

An instrument used to measure the wavelength of light that is best absorbed by a substance is a colorimeter. Equipment like this can be useful for testing substances because their color is determined by how they absorb light at different wavelengths. In other words, if sugar is highly refined and white, it will absorb little light, something that can be measured by a colorimeter.

Imagine how humans perceive color in the real world to understand how this works. Certain wavelengths of light are absorbed by certain objects, and those that are not absorbed are reflected by the human eye. As a simple example, a ball that appears blue to the eye is simply made of a substance that absorbs all wavelengths of light apart from the blue ones and reflects them. White, or shades of white, work similarly, except that what we perceive as very white actually absorbs almost no light, and instead reflects it at us.

Usually, ICUMSA guidelines for sugar testing use light wavelengths of 420 nm and 560 nm, and a tristimulus colorimeter is used to measure several readings along the visible spectrum (the range of light that is visible to the human eye). Based on how much light was absorbed by the sugar sample, the output reading can be calculated. When a reading reaches 45, it indicates a high-quality refined sugar that absorbs very little light and appears very white, whereas a reading above 1000 indicates an unrefined raw sugar that absorbs much more light and appears brown and dark to the human eye.

Granulated Refined Sugar – Industrial Standard

The Guarani® granulated refined sugar can be described as a natural sucrose sweetener, which is obtained as a solid crystal before being ground into powder. In this form, it has the shape of ordinary crystal sugar, but it’s characterized by its light color and clarity, making it a “Premium” sugar. It has recently been made available on the domestic market and is one of the most consumed sugars worldwide.


The product is highly versatile, meeting the needs of domestic, industrial, and pharmaceutical applications. The dye stands out for its low color content, and it is widely used in soda and transparent beverage industries, where the color (or absence of color) of the mixture plays an important role in the final product.

This product is described as being one of the most suitable for drug manufacturing in pharmaceutical industries because of its purity and low susceptibility to microbiological contamination (practically sterile).

Sugar VHP (Very High Polarization) 
Polarization: 97.8 degree to 99.2 degree
Ash content: 0.15 % max
Color ICUMSA 600 to 1200 typical
Solubility: 95%
Color: Brown 
Radiation: Within internationally acceptable limits
Granulation: 0.6 mm of regular square ( medium size)
Moisture: 0.15% max 
Magnetic Particles: 10 MG/K 
So2: 120 MG/K
Sulfur Dioxide: 60 MG/K MIN
Smell: Free from unusual or abnormal smells
Reducing Sugar: 0.05% MAX by weight
HPN Staph Aureus: NIL

Substance Structure: Solid Brown Growing VHP Sugar

Brazilian high sucrose sugar cane is used to produce most of the world’s VHP sugar. The majority of sugar cane is grown in central and southern Brazil, adjacent to and within the state of Sao Paulo. There is a great deal of fertile land in this region, as well as a clement climate that makes it ideal for growing sugar cane, which thrives in tropical or subtropical climates. 

Brazilian scientists have spent much time and energy in search of sugar cane varieties that grow faster and are higher in sucrose content than traditional varieties that are grown in many countries. It has proven beneficial to invest time and money in high-yielding crops that are eminently suitable to produce VHP sugar.

An average sugar cane plant takes between twelve and sixteen months to grow and is harvested in the cooler months. In the Sao Paulo region of Brazil, the harvest season typically lasts from May to November.

VHP Sugar Production

VHP sugar is produced in several steps. For milling, the harvested cane must first be shredded and cut. Through rollers and then crushing devices, the cane is crushed. This squeezes the juice out of the cane, which is then refined into VHP sugar and dried fibrous material known as bagasse, which is recycled or used as fuel.

To remove excess water and concentrate the sugar content, the juice is piped to a different part of the mill where it is boiled in vacuum pans. To encourage sucrose crystals to form around the dust crystals, sugar dust crystals are added to the juice.

As the crystals grow, both the liquid and the crystals go into a centrifugal chamber, which spins the mixture at extremely high speeds, separating the liquid content from the sugar crystals. There are now high-grade molasses (also called first molasses) and high-grade “A” sugar left behind. VHP stands for very high purity sugar.

A second boil is performed on the first molasses, followed by further crystal growth. After crystals have formed, they are sent back into the centrifugal chamber and spun to separate crystals from molasses. Second, or dark molasses, will result from this reprocessing. Unlike the first molasses, this second molasses is notably lower in sucrose and contains lower quality sugar labeled ‘B’.

In a subsequent step, the final products are final molasses, also known as blackstrap molasses or C molasses, and C sugar. Some companies remelt and crystallize the B and C sugars to make high-grade VHP sugar after they have been melted and crystallized. A considerable amount of sugar cane is required to make VHP sugar, with 12 tons of VHP sugar required for every 100 tons of processed sugar cane.

VHP Sugar ICUMSA Ratings

According to the ICUMSA rating scale, most VHP sugars fall between 600 and 1200 on the scale. ICUMSA is the acronym for the International Commission For Uniform Methods Of Sugar Analysis, which is the organization that regulates how sugar is analyzed. A colorimeter is used to evaluate sugar according to the ICUMSA rating system. A numerical reading is produced by this device which shows the coloration of the sugar sample that has been fed into it.

This is an effective way of testing the purity and quality of sugar as it will lose its dark brown color, which is an indication of raw sugar that is relatively highly contaminated with biological agents and colorants, and become lighter and lighter.

Sugar that has been highly refined is usually white, however, raw sugar that has not been refined can be 3000 or more ICUMSA ratings. Sugar from VHP plants is light brown because it is very high in sucrose and contains very few contaminants.

All sugar is tested based on its whiteness, even brown sugar. The quality of sugar is determined by its whiteness since the whiter sugar is, the more refining has been done, resulting in fewer contaminants and chemicals remaining in it, leading to a higher quality. Sugars are rated on a reversed rating scale,’ which means the smaller the number, the higher the sugar’s quality.

Brazil’s SGS system is known as the ICUMSA Brazilian SGS rating system, and that is the system under which we and most of the world trade sugar. ICUMSA 42 sugar is the raw unrefined sugar in Europe whereas ICUMSA 42 is the refined sugar. It is often easier to buy sugar rated by Brazilian SGS to simplify the purchasing process.

Is it possible to test sugar to see if it is ICUMSA 150? Is it possible to test sugar? ICUMSA rating tests are conducted using a device called a colorimeter, which detects wavelengths of light absorbed by substances.

ICUMSA 150 Sugar

White sugar ICUMSA 150 is refined. Although ICUMSA 150 sugar is not quite as refined as ICUMSA 45 sugar, it is still food grade and is often used by manufacturers making foodstuffs where refining requirements are lower than those for sugar sold directly to consumers.

ICUMSA 150 sugar is a relatively highly refined sugar, especially when one considers that higher ICUMSA rating sugars are available, like ICUMSA 4600, but these sugars cannot be consumed due to high contamination levels and bacteria. A sugar rating assigned by ICUMSA (International Commission For Uniform Methods Of Sugar Analysis) describes how refined sugar is, allowing sugar to be traded internationally with certainty.


An extremely versatile product, it can be used in a variety of processes, both domestic and industrial. In addition to preparing foods in general, the industry uses it for the production of soda, juice, and sweetened beverages, as well as in brewing, baking, fondant, and food processing.